••• The Lister Family •••  

Sidney Harold Tom Lister

 BORN 11 October 1895 in Orange, NSW.

NSW Birth Record 35301/1895

 DIED 14 May 1918
Killed in Action World War I (France)
 BURIED Dive Copse British Cemetery, Somme, France.
 FATHER Thomas Sydney Lister (1840-1920)
 MOTHER Emily Australia Tom (1856-1938)

NSW Railways reports:
Sidney Harold Tom LISTER, (service number 7069) was born on 11 October 1895 at Orange. He had begun working for the NSWGR on 14 July 1913 as a temporary Junior Porter in the Sydney District. He became permanent a month later, and an adult Porter on his 21st birthday in 1916. It was from this position that he was released on 10 August 1917 to join the Expeditionary Forces. Lister enlisted at Sydney the same day, citing his continuing service of 3½ years with the 3rd/4th Infantry and nominating his father as his next of kin. Allotted to the 21st Reinforcement to the 17th Battalion he embarked on HMAT Euripides at Sydney on 31 October 1917 and reached Devonport on Boxing Day. Lister proceeded overseas to France on 1 April and was taken on the strength of the 17th Battalion on 16 April 1918. He lasted less than a month as he was killed in action in France on 14 May 1918. No details survive as to the circumstances or location of his death. He was buried in the vicinity of Morlancourt. In the rationalisation of cemeteries after the war, Lister’s remains were located, despite other information that there was a grave at Boulogne Eastern Cemetery, in their makeshift grave and exhumed. They were re-interred in Dive Copse British Cemetery, Sailly-le-Sec, France.

JCC writes:
There was no conscription in Australia during World War I for overseas service (it was narrowly rejected in a referendum in October 1916), but there was strong community and peer pressure on young men to volunteer. This encouragement sometimes took the form of a white feather sent through the mail. Some say that Sid may have received such a feather from a young lady of his acquaintance. Be that as it may, he enlisted on 27 July 1917, at the age of 21 years and nine months, and reached his posting in France on 16 April 1918, in the closing stages of the war. Less than a month later, on 14 May 1918, at the age of 22 years and seven months, the inoffensive railway booking clerk who had attended West Marrickville Public School became one of 60,000 young Australian men sacrificed in the Great War to the requirements of the Empire (something like 2.5% of the male population of Australia at that time). This, of course, does not take into account the 150,000 wounded who made it home with shattered bodies and minds.

Sid Lister’s Brief Military Record
From the Australian Army Records we glean that:

Private Sidney Harold Lister, Regimental no. 7069, was part of the 21st Reinforcement for the 17th Battalion [Australia was required by the Imperial General Staff to furnish 16,500 fresh troops each month, which was why Prime Minister Billy Hughes was pushing for conscription for overseas service]. He enlisted on 27 July 1917, was passed by the Medical Officer and arrived in camp on 10 August. On 29 August, he signed his Last Will and Testament, leaving the whole of my Property and Effects to my mother Mrs Emily Australia Lister. On 31 October 1917, Sid was embarked at Sydney on HMAT A14 Euripides, a transport ship requisitioned by the Australian government, fitted out to carry 136 officers, 2204 other ranks and 20 horses. After a voyage of almost two months, he disembarked on 26 December 1917 at Devonport (Plymouth), England. This is where his Lister grandparents had last set foot on English soil on 19 April 1838, nearly 80 years before. The next day he arrived at Fovant, and four months later, on 1 April 1918, was transported to France, marching into No. 1 Overflow Camp, probably near Le Havre in Normandy, that same day. From here, on 9 April, he marched out to his unit (Beaumarais??) and was taken on strength a week later on Tuesday 16 April. He was killed in action four weeks later on Tuesday 14 May.

His Effects received from the field on 28 June 1918 by the AIF Kit Store in London were contained in a sealed parcel: Wallet, Photos, Cards, 2 Testaments, Diary, Metal Mirror, Small Religious Book. These items were sent on from Victoria Barracks, Melbourne, and Sid’s mother signed the receipt for them on 20 February 1919. She also signed for one Memorial Scroll and King’s Message on 8 August 1921. This signature reads E.A. Lister for T.S. Lister (her husband had died on 8 May 1920), and is accompanied by a note explaining her current address is Unwin’s Bridge Road, Undercliffe (her daughter Dot’s address).

Sid’s mother completed a form for the Roll of Honour (William Lionel George was also a private in 17th Battalion who returned to Australia on 9 Mar 1919 and died 21 Nov 1979. He was a farmer who enlisted the day after Sid.) and received a Memorial Plaque which she deputed her daughter Dot Crawshaw to collect on 3 January 1923. Finally, on 4 June 1923, she signed for one Victory Medal in connexion with the late No. 7069 Pte. S.H. Lister, 17th Battn.

The War Diary of the 17th Battalion (Extract 1; Extract 2) sheds no light on Sid's death — he is merely a statistic of the OR.

[K.W. McKenzie, The story of the Seventeenth Battalion in the Great War 1914-1918, (Sydney: 17th Battalion A.I.F. Association, 1946)]

Some members of the 21st Reinforcements of the 17th Battalion, 1918.
Sid is at right-hand end of back row. William Lionel George is beside Sid.

In Memoriam in SMH 14 May 1919

⬩⬩⬩ Ourgen.es web page made 3 January 2006; edited  ⬩⬩⬩